‘Cattle Genomics in Africa’ discussion forum: 16–26 Aug

ILRI Clippings

16Marshall_Invite_DiscussionForumOnCattleGenomicsInAfrica_Cropped

Invitation from Karen Marshall
International Livestock Research Institute
& Centre for Tropical Livestock Genetics and Health

Many of the more than 200 million poor livestock keepers in sub-Saharan Africa are looking to improve the productivity of their animal stock. Genetic improvement strategies—particularly when packaged with other interventions improving animal feed and health—offer great potential to accomplish this increased productivity. The use of genomics in Africa is in its early stages; further discussions are needed on where and how genomics can contribute to Africa’s development.  

We will shortly be hosting a virtual discussion forum on ‘Cattle Genomics in Africa’and invite all researchers and implementers in this and related fields to participate.

Discussions during this forum will centre on:
Current and future applications of genomics to cattle in Africa—in particular, which applications are likely to make a difference to poor livestock keepers and to consumers of beef…

View original post 90 more words

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Injection of new genetics funding to boost the health and productivity of Africa’s farm animals

ILRI Clippings

CCAFS_Climate-SmartLivestock_WesternKenya_06

‘Climate-smart’ native disease-resistant sheep being raised in western Kenya (photo credit: S Kilungu/CCAFS).

‘Efforts to tackle the challenges faced by livestock farmers in developing countries have been boosted by a £10 million research award.

Scientists will use funds from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to look at how genetic information can improve the health and productivity of farmed animals in tropical climates.

‘The institutions in Scotland and Africa where the researchers are based are also making additional contributions, taking the total funding pot to £20 million over the next five years.

‘The Centre for Tropical Livestock Genetics and Health is an alliance between the University of Edinburgh, Scotland’s Rural College (SRUC) and the Africa-headquartered International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI).

‘The teams plan to investigate the genes that make some animals more resistant to diseases than others. They will also look at why certain breeds are able to thrive in…

View original post 99 more words

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

On the heels of the 2011 eradication of cattle plague (rinderpest) is a new ‘frieze-dried’ vaccine that could eradicate goat plague—The Economist reports from ILRI

ILRI Clippings

Goats being herded near Wajir, northern Kenya (photo credit: ILRI/Riccardo Gangale).

‘. . . [R]inderpest, a cattle disease similar to measles, which was eradicated in 2011 . . . has plagued Africa and other parts of the world ever since cattle were domesticated. In the 1980s an outbreak, originating in Sudan, killed millions of bovines across the continent. Eradication was a triumph of veterinary medicine, as rinderpest became only the second disease, either animal or human, to be wiped out, the first being smallpox.

It is exciting, therefore, that a team of scientists at a research institute in Kenya think peste des petits ruminants, or “goat plague”, could be eradicated too, thanks to their new vaccine. The disease kills up to 70% of the herds of sheep or goats it infects, animals vital to the survival of many of Africa’s poorest people.

‘The vaccine was created using a process…

View original post 211 more words

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Livestock and women’s livelihoods: The recent evidence

ILRI livelihoods, gender and impact

This ILRI discussion paper synthesises evidence of the contributions that livestock make to the livelihoods of poor women in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia and identifies factors that enhance or constrain livestock-related opportunities for women.

We apply a gender lens to three livestock-related pathways out of poverty—securing, building and safeguarding livestock assets; increasing and sustaining livestock productivity; and enhancing participation in and benefits from livestock markets.

For each pathway, we summarize what is known and what this knowledge implies for programmatic and policy interventions. Assembling this information is a first step towards identifying some of the large gaps in our evidence base as well as some indications of the kinds of research and development interventions, made in relation to which species and value chains, that appear most likely to benefit poor women and their families.

Download the report

See more ILRI outputs on gender

View original post

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Livestock key to ending poverty and hunger in developing countries

ILRI livelihoods, gender and impact

A child holds a newly born family lamb
A child holds a newly born family lamb in Ethiopia (photo credit: ILRIZerihun Sewunet).

At a recently held high-level United Nations meeting , several events on poverty and hunger featured the importance of livestock.

‘The key message of these sessions is that livestock’s potential for bolstering development lies in the sheer number of rural people who already depend on the sector for their livelihoods. These subsistence farmers also supply the bulk of livestock products in low-income countries. In fact, defying general perceptions, poor smallholders vastly outnumber large commercial operations.’

‘At the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), based in Nairobi, Kenya, we know that small-scale livestock farming can be the vehicle that puts families on the pathway out of poverty and out of danger when it comes to economic shocks.
Livestock policies that favour the poor have been shown to be effective in lifting families beyond mere subsistence, generating a ripple…

View original post 53 more words

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

New community animal health platforms to guide participatory improvement of livestock in four regions of Mali

CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish

Feed the Future Mali Livestock Technology Scaling (MLST) Project: community animal health platforms facilitators training Participants of a community animal health platform facilitators training in Mali (photo credit: ILRI/Michel Dione).

Four community animal health platforms (CAHPs) have been formed to harness collective action in addressing animal health and livestock value constraints in four regions of Mali.

The platforms are a key part of the Feed the Future Mali Livestock Technology Scaling (MLTS) program, which aims to improve livestock production and related incomes for 61,000 households in the country.

Their establishment follows a training workshop, held 17-27 September 2016, for facilitators identified by the MLTS program partners who include the SNV Netherlands Development Organisation, L’Association Malienne d’Eveil au Développement Durable (AMEED) and Catholic Relief Services. The workshops were facilitated by the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) and took place in the respective regions.

The four CAHPs, in each of the four program intervention communes—Farakala in Sikasso, Sincina in Koutiala, Sofara in Mopti and Djenne commune in…

View original post 478 more words

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

WorldFish breeding program produces 15th generation of improved GIFT tilapia

CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish

At WorldFish, the long-running selective breeding program for the Genetically Improved Farmed Tilapia (GIFT) strain is fundamental to its efforts to improve livelihoods and food security in Asia, the Pacific and Africa by improving aquaculture and fisheries.

The development of faster-growing tilapia species helps farmers increase their productivity, which is especially beneficial for poor, small-scale producers in developing countries who depend on aquaculture for food, income and nutrition yet often have low yields.

In 2016, WorldFish continued this vital GIFT breeding work, funded by the European Union, highlighted by the development of the 15th generation of GIFT and the first-ever distribution of GIFT fry to Myanmar.

Read the full story

Contributed by Kate Bevitt, WorldFish

View original post

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment