Livestock grass, a weapon against poverty and drought

DESERTIFICATION

Photo credit: CIATCIAT

An unlikely weapon against poverty and drought

Silas Mdoe has a weapon against poverty and drought. It’s so unassuming that most farmers completely overlook it: livestock grass.

As this recent study shows, keeping livestock can help farmers like Silas earn more money and put more food on the table, especially during unpredictable weather. In Tanzania, drought has decimated many farmers’ harvests, including Silas’ maize, which he relies on for an income.

In his village of Mbuzii in Lushoto, in the east of the country, one-fifth of farmers generate around 40 percent of their income from milk. “Cows give manure for crops and provide milk all year, which we can sell to buy sugar or pay school fees. Banks will lend money if you have a cow,” explained Mdoe.

But investing in higher quality varieties of grass for livestock like Napier or Brachiaria

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Can the livestock sector find the elusive ‘win-win’ on drug resistance?

AgHealth

A livestock health worker prescribes drugs to a dairy farmer in Bangladesh A livestock health worker prescribes drugs to a dairy farmer in Bangladesh (photo credit: IFPRI/Akram Ali, CARE Bangladesh).

An opinion piece by International Livestock Research Institute veterinary epidemiologist Delia Grace shines the spotlight on the global challenge of antimicrobial resistance and the need to tackle the problem while finding a balance between low access to antimicrobials (particularly in developing countries) and overuse of antibiotics in animal agriculture.

She writes:

“Antimicrobial use is a matter of access versus excess. Somehow, we must reduce the use of antimicrobial drugs in animals to tackle growing levels of drug resistance while ensuring that these life- and livelihood-saving treatments reach those who really need them.”

Read the complete article, Can the livestock sector find the elusive ‘win-win’ on drug resistance? Devex, 16 December 2016

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About Camel Milk~With Bactrian Perspectives

Natural Health with theCamel Milk

Camels’ milk is the king of the milk kingdom, said by the Bactrian camel keepers in the Central Asia. It is the first choice for health maintenance. They think that their milk is more nourishing than their sister camel (dromedary) and all other animals. Our milk is high grade but tastes a little bit salt because of my taste as I like salty bushes; the only ice cream for me in the ecosystems where I live. I live in very cold regions and hence producing milk more thicker than my sibling dromedary. My milk keeps a desirable PH of human body as it is a bit alkaline. I have physical effect on the stomach of my keepers to make them happy and in a good mood. my bactrian

My milk is rich with protein (4.5%), making me special food item for the poor and under nourished group of human being. Bactrian milk…

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Beating plague: Rinderpest is the second disease to be eradicated from the earth

ILRI Clippings

ILRI veterinary epidemiologist Jeff Mariner at OIE meeting

ILRI veterinary epidemiologist Jeff Mariner presenting his research at a meeting of the World Animal Health Organisation (OIE) (photo credit: OIE).

A disease that has devastated the planet for millennia has been eradicated. An international campaign has wiped the cattle plague rinderpest off the face of the earth.

‘For centuries, a disease has ravaged the globe—visiting nearly all corners at one time or another. In Europe so great was the threat of this disease that in the early 18th century, the Pope commissioned one of his most trusted physicians to investigate. Giovanni Lancisi’s “De Bovilla Peste”, is his detailed study of the disease, and represents the first concerted effort to control it.

‘Historians believe that in 4th-century-Europe the cattle disease, rinderpest may have contributed to the downfall of the Roman Empire.

‘Since then Rinderpest has killed hundreds of millions of cattle worldwide. Untreated, it kills within days, wiping out whole…

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ILRI, FAO and Kenya veterinary service providers discuss control of peste de petits ruminants

ILRI Clippings

ILRI-FAO PPR meeting Participants of a joint meeting held by ILRI and FAO to discuss control of Peste de Petits Ruminants (PPR) in Kenya (Photo credit: ILRI/Samuel Mungai).

Peste des petits ruminants (PPR), also known as ‘goat plague’, is a highly contagious viral disease of sheep and goats. The disease causes heavy losses especially in goats and is one of the most damaging livestock diseases in Africa, the Middle East and Asia.

Earlier this year, a global strategy towards eradicating PPR by 2030 was formulated under the auspices of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) at a conference in Côte d’Ivoire. The strategy focuses on the eradication of PPR, strengthening of veterinary services across affected countries, and the creation of more cost effective opportunities to control other priority livestock diseases.

The strategy proposes a consistent approach at national level towards PPR eradication which is based on…

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Tropical animal diseases and veterinary public health: ILRI at first AITVM/STVM joint conference

ILRI Clippings

ILRI participants ILRI participants in the joint meeting

From 4-8 September 2016 more than 250 researchers from 55 different countries met in Berlin, Germany, in the historic buildings of the Humboldt University for the first joint conference of the Association of Institutions for Tropical Veterinary Medicine (AITVM) and the Society of Tropical Veterinary Medicine (STVM).

AITVM is a foundation of 24 veterinary faculties and livestock institutes based in Africa, Asia and Europa with the mandate to improve human health and quality of life through increased and safe food production in tropical regions through enhancement of research, training and education in veterinary medicine and livestock production within the framework of sustainable development.

STVM is a non-profit organization whose purpose is the advancement of tropical veterinary medicine, hygiene and related disciplines. It is comprised of scientists, veterinarians and students from more than 40 countries with common interests in tropical veterinary medicine.

During the…

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Dairy goes green: New tool will enable smallholders to swap GHG emission reductions for carbon credits

ILRI Clippings

Dairy cow in Embu, Kenya

Dairy cow in Embu, Kenya (photo credit: ILRI/Stevie Mann).

By unlocking carbon credit markets,
first-of-its-kind methodology looks
to boost financing for smallholder farms,
green the livestock sector

The new dairy methodology
is a key to allowing smallholder dairy operations
to receive internationally accepted carbon credits
in exchange for emission reductions.

‘The dairy sector will soon be able to participate in international carbon credit markets thanks to a new methodology that lets farmers and project designers reliably document how they are reducing harmful greenhouse gas emissions—a step that will open up new sources of finance for the livestock industry and help promote investment in smallholder operations.

‘FAO’s new Smallholder dairy methodology tackles two major challenges facing agriculture today: the need to make agriculture more productive by increasing yields, while at the same time cutting agriculture’s carbon footprint. By opening up new sources of finance, the methodology addresses the critical question of how…

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